.ZA Is A Domain Name?


What is a Domain Name?

A domain name is string of characters that make up a web address ( or email address ( and is an essential part of creating a website or setting up email.

Is it possible to obtain the Who-is (domain name holder and availability information) for a domain name in .za?

Yes, depending on the .za SLD you are considering. Not all SLDs have readily available Whois information for now. You would have to check with each SLD operator, but ZADNA also has a central Whois that links to the Whois services of individual .za SLDs.



What Are The Fees Involved In Registering A Domain Name?

Usually, you need to pay a registration fee and then pay a renewal fee annually to keep hold of your name. There are not standard fees for .za yet, as the .za SLD (second level domain) operators determine their fees, while other domains do not charge registration and renewal fees. However, all SLDs in ZACR’s operation charge annual domain name fees.

In addition to registration and renewal fees, registrars may charge fees for hosting the domain name, website and email. These “secondary” fees are outside the regulatory ambit of ZADNA and are purely fees contractually agreed between a domain name holder and their registrar.



What Is An Abusive Registration?

An “abusive registration” is basically a domain name registration which is registered to take unfair advantage of another person’s rights, or to be detrimental to, or infringing, another person’s rights. The complainant must show that the complainant has rights in respect of a name or a mark which is identical or similar to the registered domain name, and that in the hands of the registrant, the registration of the domain name is abusive.

Example: An entity named ABC has DEF as its competitor. DEF decides to register as its domain name. This registration would constitute an abusive registration in that by registering, DEF is preventing ABC from registering a domain name that is the same as ABC’s company name.

Section 4 of the regulations provides a number of factors which a complainant can use to prove abusive registration. These include:

  • Circumstances showing that the registrant registered a domain name primarily to:
  • sell, rent or transfer the domain name to the complainant, its competitor or 3rd party for profit;
  • intentionally prevent the complainant from registering a mark or name to which the complainant has rights;
  • unfairly disrupt the business of the complainant; or
  • prevent the complainant from exercising their rights.
  • Circumstances indicating that the registrant has registered the domain name to deceive the public into believing the name is registered, used or connected to the complainant.
  • Evidence, when combined with other factors, shows that the registrant is involved in the pattern of making abusive registrations. Circumstance showing that the registrant registered the domain name as a result of a relationship with the complainant, and the complainant has been exclusively using the domain name and has paid for its registration or renewal
  • Section 5 lists a number of factors which the registrant may use to prove that the registration is not abusive.